Geographical location. Omsk Region lies in the south-west of the West-Siberian plain in the middle reach of the Irtysh, which divides it into the left-bank and the right-bank parts, crossing the region from the south to the north. The territory of the region stretches 600 km from the north to the south and 300 km from the west to the east. The total area of the region is 141.1 thous.sq.km. Omsk Region borders on Tyumen Region in the west and in the north, on Tomsk and Novosibirsk Regions in the east, and Kazakhstan in the south and south-west.
Federal district: Siberian
Administrative centre: Omsk (1.1 mln. people), distance to Moscow – 2.6 thous km
Natural resources. Omsk Region is rich in water resources, all the rivers belonging to the basin of the Irtysh River, which is the main traffic artery of the Western Siberia. Several thousand both freshwater and salt lakes are situated in the region.
24% of the regional territory is occupied with forests. The variety of wood species is represented mainly with cedar, fir-tree, silver fir, birch and asp. Farther to the south, combined woods are substituted by a line of the leafy birch-and-aspen woods, changed afterwards by the forest outliers of the forest-steppe zone.
Mineral resources are represented with hundreds of deposits of brick and expanded clays, sands, peat, sapropel, bentonites, limestone raw products, mineral salts and therapeutic muds, thermal and mineral waters.
Oil and gas reserves have been explored in the north of the region. Since 1998 natural gas deposits have been developed. In 2001 commercial development of the southern part of Krapivinsky oil deposit was launched. The Tevrizsky gas condensate deposit is under development.
A large deposit of zircon-titanium sands and rare-earth metals and 287 peat deposits was explored. About 17 kinds of sedimentary mineral resources and a vast artesian basin with fresh, mineral and thermal water was discovered in the subsurface areas down the Irtysh River. The forecast oil resources make over 150 mln tons.
Mineral and therapeutic water produced in Omsk have swept the Russian market and is presently exported to the countries of the Central Asia.
Primary economic activities. The following indicators show the share of the region in the national economic activities: GRP – 1.4%, industrial products – 0.9%, agricultural products – 0.9%, retail trade turnover – 1.8%, the volume of capital investment – 0.8%. The level of unemployment rated using the International Labour Organization methodology (2009) – 8.5%.
Major branches of industry. The industrial complex of the region is represented by machine-building and metalwork (23% in the overall structure of industrial production), food industry (22%), power engineering (17%), non-ferrous metallurgy (11%), industry of construction materials (7%), chemical industry (4%), ferrous metallurgy, forest and light industries (3% each).
Industrial complex of the region is one of the leading economic sectors, employing 21% of the working population and concentrating over 26% of the regional key assets.
Manufacturing traditionally makes the basis of the industry in Omsk Region, with noticeable progress of mining industry. The leading branches of economics are machine-building (instrument-making as well) and metalwork, oil refining industry, chemical and wood industries, electrical engineering and radio-electronic industries.
The increase in manufacturing has been recently caused by the stable conditions of the exterior and domestic market behavior, introducing of new manufactures and implementation of technical retooling and modernization programs carried out at the enterprises.
The key industrial enterprises forming the economic specialization of the region are concentrated in Omsk, the largest of them are ”SibCryoTekhnika”, ”Omsk oil refinery”, ”OmskKhimProm”, the technical carbon producing plant.
Agriculture. Being a highly developed agricultural region, Omsk Region possesses one of the largest agro-industrial complexes in the east of the country. The key agricultural branches are plant growing (wheat, rye, barley, oats in particular); milk-meat cattle-breeding (the region enters the top ten largest milk and meat producers in Russia); poultry farming; pig farming.
At the end of 2010, Omsk Region confirmed its leading position (among the regions of Siberian federal district) by the per capita production scope of agricultural products, giving way to Altay Krai.
The progress in cattle-breeding was achieved mainly due to the decisions taken by the Government of Omsk Region concerning the 2010 5-fold increase of subsidies rate for milk purchase and sale in the farms owned by the population, compared to 2009. Moreover, investment projects implying foundation of new milk processing manufactures in municipal districts of the region gained support.
As shown by the predictive appraisal, in 2011–2013 production of agricultural products will increase by 8.5% compared to that of 2010, of that crop growing – by 12.9%, cattle-breeding – by 5%.
Fuel and energy complex. The Omsk affiliate of the OJSC “Territorial generating company #11” is the key producer of electric power (97.2% of the total generation) and heat power (45.2%) in the region.
Foreign trade turnover of the region in 2009 amounted USD 884.3 mln (on current basis), USD 463.5 mln shared by the exported and USD 420.8 mln by the imported products. The organizations functioning in Omsk region entered into trade relations with the partners from 78 countries, exporting goods into 66 states and importing them from 61 countries. In 2009, the largest foreign trade operations were carried out with the countries of the CIS – 61.9% of the foreign trade turnover. The prominent trade partners of the region are Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Belarus, the Ukraine, the Netherlands, China, Poland, Germany. Foreign investors consider manufacturing industries and wholesale trade the most attractive to finance.
Transport infrastructure of Omsk Region includes 1.13 thous.km of railways, 15.3 thous.km of motorways, 1.47 thous.km of the navigable waterways. The Transsiberian trunk railway is the main traffic artery of the region with the navigation carried out mainly down the Irtysh.
The railway transport is represented with a part of the Transsiberian trunk railway with its southern (towards Chelyabinsk) and northern (towards Tyumen and Sverdlovsk) branch lines, a part of the middle Siberian railway Omsk-Irtyshsk included into the West-Siberian railway.
The motorways connect Omsk to all the large settlements of the region, Novosibirsk and Tyumen.
The density of the traffic arteries across the region isn’t the same – all the railways and the main motorways (including federal ones) lie in the southern part of the region, and the northern districts are provided with the necessary minimum quantity of the motorways and the waterway of the Irtysh river.
The infrastructure of air traffic includes an international airport.
Oil pipelines and oil-products pipelines cross the region.
Tourism. The territory of Omsk Region possesses over 1.7 thousand of historical and cultural monuments – ancient settlements, encampments, burial mounds, memorial complexes of the present time. The most worthful objects are the Spassky Church in Tara, which is the architectural work of art of the XVIIIth century, the Cossack Nikolsky Cathedral in Omsk – the Palace of governor general of the Western Siberia built in the second quarter of the XIXth century, the architectural ensemble of the early XXth century ”Lyublinsky Prospekt”.
The citizens and guests are offered to participate in the long-distance motorship travel down the Irtysh River, cruises down the Irtysh and the Ob rivers including visits to Salekhard (in the Arctic circle), Tobolsk, Tara, Novosibirsk and other cities and towns of the Western Siberia. A new touristic route ”The Golden Ring of the Omsk North” is in the process at present.