Geographical location: Occupying an area of 53,600 sq.km., Samara Region is the fifth largest in the Volga Federal District. The region stretches for 335 km from the north to the south and for 315 km from the west to the east. Samara Region borders on Saratov, Ulyanovsk and Orenburg regions, the Republic of Tatarstan and the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Federal district: Volga
Administrative center: Samara, distance to Moscow – 1051 km
Major cities: Togliatti, Syzran, Novokuibyshevsk, Chapaevsk
Primary economic activities: Industry is represented by almost 400 large and medium, as well as over 4,000 small enterprises. Two major industrial clusters – automotive cluster and aerospace cluster – comprise automobile enterprises as well as major military-industrial enterprises, those of electrotechnical and bearing industries, nonferrous metallurgy, machine building for oil and gas industry.
Automobile industry. Development of Samara Region’s automobile cluster is a priority in the development of the regional economy. Share of automotive industry in the regional industrial output amounts to more than 35%, in machine building – over 70%. The automobile cluster includes a large number of firms producing cars and car components, as well as providing transport services. The biggest ones are: GM-AvtoVAZ CJSC, AvtoVAZagregat JSC, VAZinterService JSC, Autocentre-Togliatti-VAZ JSC, Samara-Lada JSC, Motor-Super CJSC. Leader of car production in Russia is AvtoVAZ JSC. The enterprise produces over 80% of domestic passenger cars. Over 300 Samara enterprises supply automotive parts and materials to AvtoVAZ and other car assembly plants of the country.
Military-industrial complex. Most part of Samara military-industrial enterprises belong to the aerospace cluster. State Research and Production Space-Rocket Center "TsSKB", which is the leading Russian enterprise on development, manufacturing and launching of rockets and spacecrafts, is the basis of the aerospace cluster
• Metallurgy is one of the important industries of the Samara Region, occupying about 4% in industrial output. The leader in the industry is Alcoa SMZ CJSC, which main products include sheet metal, shapes, aluminum alloy forgings.
Chemical and petrochemical industry is one of the basic industries in Samara Region. It occupies the 2nd place in annual production volume in the sectoral structure of the region’s industry. Chemical and petrochemical enterprises produce 20% of Russian production of synthetic ammonia and synthetic rubber, 10% of methanol, 5% of synthetic resins and plastics and crop protection chemicals. The main products of Samara oil refineries are motor gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel (summer and winter), fuel oil.
Light industry in Samara Region is represented by the textile, knitwear, clothing, fur and footwear subindustries.
Agriculture. Agro-industrial complex is one of the leading sectors of Samara Region economy. The sector comprises about 500 large agricultural enterprises, over 3,000 farms and over 1,000 food, processing and service enterprises. There are over 250,000 private farms in the region. The agricultural sector employs 55,800 people.
Regional agriculture specializes in growing wheat, barley, millet, sunflower, vegetables and potatoes. Cattle milk and meat production is well developed.
Natural and mineral resources. The total forest area in the Samara Region is 759,700 hectares. Surface water resources of the territory are represented by the Volga River basin and its tributaries. In addition, 226 rivers, over 350 reservoirs and ponds are registered in the region. The largest rivers are Samara, Bolshoy Kinel, Sok, Chapayevka, Usa, Chagra and Bolshoy Irgiz. Large reservoirs are Kuibyshev and Saratov reservoirs. Mineral raw material base of Samara Region is formed by hydrocarbon, mineral construction, mining engineering, mining-chemical raw materials:
The share of Samara Region in oil production of Russia is 2.6%. The region has over 380 oil fields.
Mineral construction materials in Samara Region are represented by building stone, brick and building tile raw materials, building sand, expanded clay, refractory clay, cement raw materials, carbonate rocks for production of building lime, gypsum and anhydrite, sand and gravel materials, glass sand.
Mining-chemical raw materials are represented by phosphorites, native sulfur, rock salt, asphaltite and bitumen, natural bitumen, oil shale.
Mining engineering materials are represented by molding sands, bentonite-like clays, zeolite-containing rocks.
Fuel and energy complex. The leading company of the fuel and energy complex of Samara Region is Volga Hydroelectric Station in Zhigulevsk (2.3 million kW), the largest thermal power plants are Novokuibyshevskaya and Togliatti TPP (250 MW each). Volga Territorial Generation Company comprising all the regional heat and power plants is headquarters in Samara. Zhigulevskaya HPP, which is a branch of RusHydro JSC, produces about 11 billion kW / h.
Foreign trade turnover of Samara Region made USD 6.4 bln in 2009: export – USD 5.2 bln, import – USD 1.2 bln. The region entered into trade relations with 108 countries. Main trade partners were China, Italy, Norway, Ukraine, Singapore, Poland, Finland, the Netherlands and Germany.
Transport infrastructure. Samara Region is one of Russia’s the most significant transport hubs.
The share of automobile transportation in the total volume of transported freight is 43%. The extensive network of public paved roads covers 12,700 km. The Moscow – Chelyabinsk federal highway crosses the crosses the region, with links to Kazakhstan, Central Asia and northern parts of Russia. 55 transport companies serve the region′s passenger and freight transport by region and Russia.
Railway transportation accounts for 22.8% of freight traffic. Samara Kuibyshevskaya Railway has the total length of 1,389 km.
Samara Region has some 270 kilometers of navigable inland waterways. The Samara and Togliatti river ports are capable of accepting vessels adapted to both river and have well-developed access communications, cargo handling and terminal facilities.
Major international airport Samara is located at the intersection of air routes from Europe to Asia and the Far East. More than 100 airlines perform flights to almost all major Russian cities and the capitals of the CIS countries, as well as Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Israel, Germany, Austria and Italy. Samara is the only airport in the Volga Federal District, capable of accommodating aircraft of any type. Availability of two runways allows for flights in adverse weather conditions.
The share of pipeline transport accounts for about 30% of the total freight traffic.Tthree major Russian gas pipelines run through Samara Region: Chelyabinsk - Petrovsk, Urengoy - Petrovsk, Urengoy - Novopskovsk.
Tourism. Samara Region has a unique potential for the development of the most promising types of tourism in all available forms. The region is of particular interest in spa treatment and rehabilitation. Multiple mineral water springs and therapeutic muds in combination with the unique beauty of the Volga panoramas, mountains and favorable climate offer excellent conditions for rest and treatment. There are about 50 resorts and spa-centers in the region.
Favorable natural environment of the region contributes to the development of active tourism – equestrian, mountain and hiking tourism, pilgrimage, mountaineering, sky surfing and paragliding, with international competitions organized in Samara Region.
Wakeboarding, kite surfing, scuba diving, skiing, snowboarding, snow scooter riding are also popular at the regional sports and recreation complexes. The cultural tourism is represented by environmental, pilgrimage, event and extreme trends.
There are about 40 museums in Samara region, including the Historical Museum with unique archaeological and numismatic collections, art museum with the collection of icons and Russian avant-garde art, memorial museums of Alexei Tolstoy, Ilya Repin, the museum "Stalin′s Bunker" is the largest open to the public bunker in the world, the museum-park complex "Technical Museum" in Togliatti.