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Sverdlovsk Region

Sverdlovsk RegionGeographical location: Sverdlovsk Region is the largest region in the Ural Federal District, lying in the central part of the Urals. Total area – 194,800 sq km.

Federal district: Ural

Administrative center: Yekaterinburg, distance to Moscow – 1,667 km

Major cities: Nizhny Tagil, Kamensk-Uralsky, Pervouralsk, Serov, Novouralsk, Asbest

Population: 4,395,600 people

Population density: 22.6 people per sq km

Gross regional product (2010 estimate): RUR 1,008.8 bln (USD 33.6 bln)

Per capita gross regional product (2010 estimate): RUR 229,502 (USD 7,644)

Primary economic activities. At present, Sverdlovsk Region is one of the most rapidly developing regions, with its enterprises being Russian monopolies producing 50 kinds of industrial products and 10 enterprises being the sole manufacturers of 10 kinds of industrial products.

The region has a powerful and diversified industrial complex, which is one of the largest in Russia. The region ranks 5th in production potential among 83 regions of the Russian Federation.

Mineral resources industry and metallurgy form the basis of the regional economy: almost 100% of national titanium, 40% of copper and 17% of steel pipes are produced in Sverdlovsk Region.

  • Metallurgy. About half the output of the regional industrial output falls on ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy. The regional mining companies make considerable investments in support, development and modernization of ore-mining and ore-processing production facilities. The main long-term objectives of metallurgic industry are as follows: assimilation of production of high process stage metal products, industry transformation into the component base for domestic machine building, further integration in the international process chains.
  • Machine building. The most developed industry branches are heavy machine building for the military industrial complex (armoured vehicles and armament) and individual heavy machine building: lorries, wagons, line-haul trucks, excavating and compression-type machines, power transformers, diesels and diesel-generator sets, steam and gas turbines, heavy electric machines, oil-field and drilling equipment, electric engines.

Agriculture specializes mainly in production of feed grain, potato, open ground vegetables, milk and rich milk products, meat (beef, pork, poultry) and eggs.

Natural and mineral resources. Sverdlovsk Region has the largest national reserves of natural and mineral resources. Being the largest region in the Urals, it occupies the middle part and some northern areas of the Urals and the western territories of the West Siberian Plain. Its highest peak is Mount Konzhakovsky Kamen (1,569 m high).

Major rivers of the region flow in the basins of Ob and Kama rivers – Iset, Tavda, Chusovaya. The largest lakes of the region are Pelymsky Tuman (32.2 sq.km.),Vagilsky Tuman (31.2 sq.km.).

Typical flora is presented with coniferous and mixed forests, forest steppes lying in the far south-east.

Sverdlovsk Region is one of the traditional Russian mining regions. Mineral resources excavated in the region provide 100% of the national vanadium extraction, 70% of bauxites, 61% of chrysotile asbestos, 14% of iron ores, 28,7% of manganese ores and 20% of refractory clays. The region has solid reserves of iron ores, gold placer, platinum, nickel, chrome, copper.

The region also has long-term reserves of non-metallic feed: precious (emerald), ornamental and facing stones, construction materials, peat, sapropel, gaize, white peat, fresh and mineral subsurface waters and other mineral resources.

Fuel and energy complex. Domestic energy demand is completely satisfied by the regional energy sources. 78 larger and smaller enterprises are engaged into electric and heat power generation and distribution in Sverdlovsk Region. Beloyarskaya Nuclear Power Station – the affiliate of Rosenergoatom Concern OJSC – operates in the region, with its capacity being about 7% of the installed generating electric capacity of Sverdlovsk power network. Fuel industry specializes mainly in manufacture of peat and peat goods for public utilities needs and agriculture, and coal for power generating plants of the SverdlovEnergo JSC network.

Foreign trade turnover. In 2011 foreign trade turnover made USD 11,349.6 mln, including export – USD 8,066.2 mln. and import – USD 3,283.4 mln. The main exported goods are traditionally metals and metalware, products of chemical industry and machine building. The main trade partners of the region are: the USA, Kazakhstan, Turkey, India, the Netherlands, Italy, Germany, China, Ukraine, France.

Transport infrastructure. Sverdlovsk Region lies in the centre of Russia, linking Europe and Asia. Its capital Yekaterinburg is the third largest traffic centre of Russia, with 6 federal motor roads and 7 trunk lines passing through it.

  • Railroad transport. Total mileage of railways passing through the region is 2,600 km. Sverdlovsk railroad could soon become the main line on Europe-Asia route.
  • Motor transport. Total mileage of motor roads of the region is more than 10,800 km.
  • Air transportation. There are 8 airports in the region: 7 local airports provide inland transportation service; long-distance and international transportation is carried out by Koltsovo international airport (Yekaterinburg), one of the top 5 busiest international airports of Russia.
  • Pipeline transportation. Oil trunk pipeline and gas main pipeline routes cross the region from Siberia to the European part of Russia. High-capacity corridor consisting of 11 gas pipelines 380–400 km long runs across the northern part of Sverdlovsk Region from Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District to the Western Europe. Certain sections of gas main pipelines run from the south – from Chelyabinsk Region and Central Asia. Oil trunk pipeline routes from Western Siberia go in the common corridor 300 km long through the northern areas of Sverdlovsk Region. Their total length makes 618 km.

Tourism. Sverdlovsk Region annually attracts lots of tourists. Local health resorts offer mineral water and therapeutic sapropel muds treatment. The nature of the region is unique. Over 500 natural monuments - geological, geomorphologic, hydrological, botanic and landscape - can be found here. Mountainous area provides excellent opportunities for mountain skiing. Ski resorts are situated on the suburbs of Yekaterinburg and all across the region. The caves lying in the valleys of rivers Chusovaya, Serga and Iset are the great objects for speleological tourism.

Pilgrimage to the town of Verkhoturye - a historic and architectural reserve museum which has unique monuments of Russian Orthodoxy and folk architecture - has become a tradition through centuries. Original religious relics of the region refer to the last days and death of the tsar family of the last Russian emperor Nikolay Romanov. 

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