Geographical position. Leningrad Region is located in the northwest of the East-European plain. It is washed by the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea, the Ladoga and Onega lakes. Area – 85,908.8 sq.km.
Federal district: Northwestern
Major cities: Gatchina, Vyborg, Sosnovy Bor, Tikhvin, Kirishi
Population density: 19.1 per sq km
Gross regional product: RUR (312.4 bln)
Per capita gross regional product: RUR 128,665 (US$ 11,600)
Primary economic activities. Industry is the foundation of the region′s economy and the main budget source. The industrial system of Leningrad Region is formed by three main activities: production (81.6% of shipped industrial products), generation and distribution of power, gas and water (16.2%) and mining (2.2%).
The priority trends in industry lie in the following fields: power, fuel, chemical and petrochemical, machine-building and metal working, construction materials and timber industry including logging, timber processing, pulp and paper and furniture industries. Light and food industry are represented as well.
Chemical and Petrochemical Industry includes 13 large and medium-sized enterprises The assortment of industrial product is quite wide. The production volumes were as follows: sulfuric acid, soda ash, mineral fertilizers, synthetic resins and plastic masses.
Construction Materials Industry includes quarries of natural construction materials, such as ceramic clay, fireproof clay, limestone, dolomite, crushed rock, sand, and gravel, as well as factories that produce cement, lime, clay, construction ceramics, slate, roofing, brick, and concrete and ferroconcrete construction. The industry includes 35 large and medium-sized enterprises.
Engineering and Metal Processing sector includes over 60 large and medium-sized enterprises, which produce a wide assortment of industrial and technological products: assembling cars from imported components and parts, metal-forming machines, industrial valves, gate valves, stop valves and parts to it.
Light Industry is represeted by 22 large and medium-sized enterprises. The light industry mainly produces fabrics, non-woven materials of fabric type, knitted goods, and clothing.
Timber Industry consists of three interrelated branches: the lumbering sector, the wood processing sector, and the pulp and paper sector. Currently there are about 770 timber enterprises in the region including 70–80 large and medium-sized businesses, over 20 saw mills, 20 furniture enterprises, three pulp and paper mills, and five cardboard factories.
Natural resources. The Leningrad Region has considerable natural resources – forest, water, minerals, various flora and fauna. Forests occupy 56% of the region’s territory. The total area of forest fund of the Leningrad Region is 6,027 hectares, total timber reserves - 647 million m3.
The Region is notable for the abundance of its water objects. Practically its whole territory borders on the basin of the Baltic Sea. There are around 100,000 streams and 20,000 reservoirs in the region. 98% of them are rivers with a length less then 10 kilometers and lakes with the area less then 1 square kilometers. The largest lake in the region and in the Europe is Ladoga lake. 35 rivers flow into this lake. The volume of fresh water of the lake is estimated at 900 cubic kilometers. Main rivers are Neva, Svir, Luga, Volhov, Vuoksa.
Local minerals include bauxites, clay, phosphorites, slates, granite, limestone, sand.
Fuel and power engineering. The region has hydropower plants at the rivers Volkhov, Svir, Vuoksa, Narva; as well as Kirish power plant and Leningrad nuclear power plant.
Foreign trade turnover. Leningrad Region’s foreign trade turnover in 2010 amounted to USD 14.7 billion. The export share was 68,9%, the import share was 31,1%. In the Northwestern federal district Leningrad Region ranked second in export volume (27.3%) and third in import volume (11.5%).
In 2010, 920 participants carried out foreign trade activity. The main business partners were Great Britain (24.3%), Switzerland (23.3%), Finland (7.2%), the Netherlands (6.2%), Germany (5.6%), France (2.9%). Non-CIS countries had 97.5% in the total foreign trade turnover.
Transport network. Motor roads, Railroads, Pulkovo International airport, River transport (cargo and a passenger ports) – sea ports Ust-Luga, Primorsk, terminal port Vysotsk-Lukoil-II (oil transshipment), Port Vysotsky LLC, Port Vyborgsky LLC, river ports Leningrad and Podporozhsky ports. Main pipeline transport (gas pipelines for 2,200 km, oil pipelines for 600 km).
The territory of the Leningrad Region crosses some Europe-Asia transport corridors: “North - South” (Finland – Saint Petersburg – Moscow – Astrachan – Caspian sea – Iran – countries of the Persian gulf – India) and “Transsib” (Vladivistok/ Nachodka – Ekaterinburg – Kirov – Saint Petersburg and Vladivostok/ Nachodka – Ekaterinburg – Moscow – Minsk – Warsaw – Berlin).
Tourism: Leningrad Region has a large number of historical and cultural sites, some of which are of global importance - the Staraya Ladoga reservation, the Ivangorod fortress ensemble on the Virgin mountain, ancient wooden buildings, palaces and parks in Gatchina, etc.; 27 museums, 6 state and 3 municipal theatres. The developed touristic infrastructure includes a great number of hotels and recreational centers, tourist camps, hotels, camps for one-day or two-day resting, children′s camps, sanatoriums, and pensions.
Leningrad Region has enormous water resources and potential for the development of various water sports - cruise, yacht and motor boat, kayaking, boating, rafting, diving, etc. Sports and recreation tourism is targeting tourists engaged in amateur sports. The properties have football, basketball, and volleyball courts, tennis courts, swimming pools, nine mountain ski resorts. Luga, Volosovo and other districts present the equestrian sports: horseback riding, horseback routes and tourist routes; the riding festivals are being conducted here. Tourists also can try parachute jumping, helicopter trips, and mountaineering exercises.