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Altai Territory

Geographical location: Altai Territory is situated in the southeastern part of West Siberia, at the border with continental Asia. Its area is 168,000 sq km.

Federal district: Siberian

Administrative center: Barnaul, distance to Moscow – 3400 km

Major cities: Biysk, Rubtsovsk, Novoaltaysk, Kamen-na-Obi

Population: 2,491,627 people

Population density: 14.8 per sq km

Gross regional product (2010 estimate): USD 9 bln

Per capita gross regional product (2008 estimate): USD 3,612

Primary economic activities. Highly developed industries of Altai Territory include:

  • Machine building - production of caterpillar tractors and ploughs, steam boilers, freight mainline cars, diesels, tyres, compression-type machines, rock drilling machines, generators for tractors and cars
  • Food industry – processing of grains, meat and dairy products, production of alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages
  • Chemistry and petro-chemistry – sodium sulfate with partial processing into sodium sulphide
  • Defense industry

Agriculture. Altai Territory is one of the largest agrarian regions of Russia, being the producer of grains, milk, meat, sugar beet, sunflower, oilseed flax, fiber flax, hop, coleseed and soy. Fruit farming is developed as well.

Natural resources. The main resource of the region is fertile farm land, which is the largest cultivated land in Russia. The woodland occupies 26% of the region’s territory. Over 17,000 of large and small rivers with the total length of 51,000 km run across Altai Territory. The largest rivers are Ob, Biya, Katun. There are also 13,000 of lakes, the largest of them being Kulundinskoye Lake.
Altai Territory has mineral waters and therapeutic muds, which are the basis for sanatorium-resort system of the region.
The mineral resources of Altai Territory include complex ores (16 fields - copper, lead, zink, gold, silver, cadmium, bismuth, selenium, thallium, gallium, tellurium, sulphur), iron ores, coal, gold; nonmineral resources – sodium sulfate.

Fuel and energy. The region generates only half of required electric energy, the deficient amount being supplied by the Unified Siberian Energy system. The energy is generated by 6 main heat power stations.

Foreign trade turnover made over USD 1.1 bln  in 2009. Trade operations were carried out with partners from 70 countries. The largest exporters of the region were Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kirgizstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Belgium, China, Iran, Afghanistan, USA, India, Germany, Mongolia, Japan.

Transport. Motor roads, railroads, inland water transport, two airports - Barnaul (international) and Biysk. Altai Territory highways connect Russia with Mongolia and Kazakhstan; railroads connect Central Asia with Trans-Siberian line.

Tourism. Favorable climate conditions and rich cultural and historical heritage enable successful development of touristic and leisure activities in the region. Additional opportunities for the development of this sector are provided by two special economic zones set up in Altai Territory - a tourist special economic zone “Biryuzovaya Katun” and a gambling zone “Sibirskaya Moneta”.
 

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