Which science field has the most promising future?

Computer science
Aerospace engineering
Ecology, resource saving

What is the mankind's most dangerous invention?

Atomic bomb
Fast food

Russian high-tech market analyst outlines five innovation areas to keep tabs on

There are five areas of high-tech innovation worth engaging and investing in in Russia, believe experts from the National Association for Innovation and IT Development (NAIRIT). A summary of their study was published in Rossiiskaya Gazeta, the official mouthpiece of the Russian Government.

According to the study, these areas include programmable matter, the growing of human organs, cognitive technologies, alkali-doped iron selenide superconductor technologies, and memetic computing.

Programmable matter refers to matter which has the ability to change its physical properties (shape, density, moduli, conductivity, optical properties, etc.) in a programmable fashion, based upon user input or autonomous sensing.

Cognitive technologies are basically software and/or hardware applications of mathematical models that try to emulate the functioning of systems and organs in the human body, particularly the human brain.

Memetics is a branch of science that studies the proliferation and evolution of what is referred to as “the memes,” or a “unit of culture”—a cultural information unit analogous to the gene in genetics.

The NAIRIT analysts believe by 2030 Russia could become a country with one of the world’s most advanced levels of medicine. To achieve the ambitious goal, according to the Association, the government is expected to develop the organ-growing sector, invest in state-of-the-art research platforms, encourage funds to finance related projects, and invite Western specialists.

In a section covering science and R&D spending, the NAIRIT analysts emphasized that two years ago, the lion’s share of spending had come from government coffers (68.9%). However, seven years from now the Association expects a dramatic change, with 57% of science and R&D funds coming from private/non-budgetary sources and 43% from the government. 

2013-08-22, Marchmont News.

Keywords: surveys, innovations, high-technology sector

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